Monday, 3 May 2021

on Leave a Comment

A career option in ethical hacking

 Computers, laptops,smart phones or other mobile are now popular among us. Fue to the presence of these tools we are familiar with internet or websites. We have also come across a word called hacking when it comes to cyber world. Security is a major worry these days, not only in real world but also in the cyber world.

In recent years, there has been an increase in cyber crime cases in the Internet like hacking email accounts, stealing and intercepting sensitive data, password attacks, abusive emails,etc. Cyber criminal may be called hackers though there are many types of criminal when it comes to cyber space.

The terms like ethical hacking or ethical hacker are used to describe hacking performed by a company or individual to help identify potential threats on a computer or network. An ethical hacker attempts to evade system security and search for any weak points that could be exploited by hackers.

One can understand the difference between hacking and ethical hacking and there should not be confusing between these two terms.

Though there are problems there are solutions too and this brings scope for ethical hackers. An ethical hacker is usually employed by an organization who trusts him or her to attempt to penetrate networks and/or computer systems, using the same methods as a hacker, for the purpose of finding and fixing computer security vulnerabilities. Hacking may be considered ethical only when it is done under a contract between the hacker and the organization.

An ethical hacker is someone who hacks with legal permission to strengthen systems and makes them penetration-proof. An ethical hacker is a network or computer experts. Ethical Hackers are technically skilled IT professionals with a strong desire to solve problems and prevent malicious hackers from causing damage to network systems.

Experts from the field of computer science or engineers or similar may opt to become ethical hackers. They must learn different programming and language or in simple we can say that they are the experts in the field of computers. To become an ethical hacker, being computer savvy and gadget friendly are important pre requisites. To be a professiona ethical hacker one needs motivation, dedication, analytical thinking, initiative, problem solving ability, investigative nature and formal training in ethical hacking.

With internet use growing worldwide and cyber crimes increased as well, ethical hackers have become an integral workforce of any IT security industry. This career scopes brings new hopes for many aspirants who are looking for their career related to IT and cyber world as internet security and networking are the two fastest-growing industries where ethical hackers can find emloyment in ethical hacking and information security.

Many institutes in India offer certificate and diploma courses in Ethical Hacking and related fields like Cyber Forensics, Information security etc. There are certification available from different agencies and institutes.

Some of the courses related to ethical hacking are PG, Diploma in Information Security and System Administration , M Sc in Cyber Forensic and Information Security, M Tech in Computer Science and Information Security, M Tech in Information Assurance and Security, M Tech in Cyber Security, Certificate Course in Cyber Laws, Post Graduate Diploma in Cyber Laws, Advance Diploma in Ethical Hacking, Certificate in Information Security and Ethical Hacking, Certified Information System Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Post Graduate Diploma in IT Security, etc.

There are Career scopes of getting employed in government as well as in private sectors. Aspirants may get chance to work in government agencies such as military and law enforcement agencies, defence organisations, forensic laboratories, etc. Skilled hackers may work for investigation agencies like the Central Bureau of Investigation, the National Investigating Agency, State Police, etc.

on Leave a Comment

Some Attributes or necessities for Good career


Many students and parents have different questions related to career options and opportunities. It is very challenging to choose the right career on right time. Time has changed and there have been many changes in the career section and work that we perform while doing any job. Now mere qualification is not enough to get a good job or to be self employed and earn well. Gone are the days when one could dream of procuring a job related to his or her academic subjects.

Students from engineering backgrounds are doing well in banks and the social sectors, about which they did not learn much when they studied engineering in colleges. Our students and parents or guardians must be aware of the present job market and prepare well since the secondary level to get good employment opportunities. Few attributes or neces sities for career are given below and these are based on my experiences and there are more requirements then what I am going to mention here. These are just a few from the long list:

Qualification: An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at the college or university. These institutions commonly offer degrees at various levels, typically including bachelors, masters and doctorates, often alongside other academic certificates and professional degrees. More academic qualifications means better for the aspirants but getting high marks does not guarantee any job. We see required qualification for various jobs with minimum marks. There is no job for any maximum mark, so, even if we do not get 100 out of 100 then we should not worry because if we have the minimum qualification then we can apply for jobs. But it is always advisable to get good marks as marks and skills means guaranteed success in present and in future.

Planning: We must have a plan for our present and our future and career planning is must to be successful than our peers. It consists of activities and actions that one takes to achieve their individual career goals. Career planning ongoing process where one explores their interests and abilities and strategically plans their career goals. Proper planning is always helpful and planning must be done on the basis of SWOT analysis and authentic information. Wrong or misleading information is dangerous. It encourages individuals to explore and gather information, which enables them to synthesize, gain competencies, make decisions, set goals and take action.

Hard Work: As we are aware that there is no short cut to success and similarly there is no career success without hard work. The problem amongst many of us is that instead of hard work we ‘hardly work.’ As we are aware of it so I am skipping more about hard work. All of us talk about this but many of us do not follow. So, it’s up to us whether we are going to work hard or we are going to be hardly working person.

Information: For any good career we must have authentic information. Information related to subjects and also about the future jobs associated with different streams and subjects. Many of our students are negatively motivated by elders. I have come across one common thing which negatively motivates many students. Many people say that there is no scope or there is limited scope if a student takes admission in arts or commerce. Well, I would appeal to our readers that if anyone says so then please tell in front of that person that he has no scope in life as only frustrated people disappoints others. There are many sources for collecting authentic information. We must cross check information which we collect online from different websites.

Which are the Important job website in Assam or in India ?

Collecting authentic information about the job opening or exams dates is must for making a good career. Heres are some of the website where you get The authentic Job related information in Assam or in India :

Attitude: A positive attitude is a must for success in life. For success in any career or any field, we must be positive and inspire others too. A positive person is always full of energy. They are inspired and motivated and also motivate others. There are many books available to know more about positive attitude and its connection with success. One of the books which tell well about attitude is Shiv Khera’s “You Can Win”. Students may read this book which would certainly help them in proper planning and getting success in life. We must be aware that government jobs are limited and we have to try in private sectors or we have to become self employed. In this regard to excel in self employment or in corporate or other private sectors, we must have a positive attitude else it will be difficult for us to make progress in life.

In this Article we have discussed about only five attributes and we shall discuss more related to other attributes. As mentioned before there are many other attributes but I have picked few based on my experiences and which are really needed for our students studying or living in different parts on North East India . Students and guardians may send queries as we are back with lot of Assam career updates and other opportunities like before. Meanwhile students who have recently finished their board exams or
are going to finish their board exams may utilise their time by getting enrolled in different courses to enhance their career. Students and parents or guardians are requested to be vigilant as many agents from different private colleges or universities will campaign for admissions. Be vigilant and critical so that no one may cheat you easily.

Sunday, 2 May 2021

on Leave a Comment

Careers in Space Sciences in India

While looking at the blue sky we think and hope we could explore them and reach there sometime and see what materials are there.The perspectives of children and elders would be certainly different here. Inquisitive minds will bring lots of questions where as many would skip thinking. When we hear the names of Rakesh Sharma, Kalpana Chawla And missile man Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, then we think about space and people going there or doing work related to space or satellites. We should member that on 4th October 1957, the first human-made earth satellite Sputnik I was launched into outer space, thus opening the way for space exploration. On 12 April, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first humanto orbit the earth, opening a new chapter of human endeavour in outer space.

The UN General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/65/271 of 7 April 2011, declared 12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight “to celebrate each year at the international level the beginning of the space era for mankind, reaffirming the important contribution of space science and technology in achieving sustainable development goals and increasing the well-being of States and peoples, as well as ensuring the realization of their aspiration to maintain outer space for peace- ful purposes.

The artificial satellites which are send out in space help us to transmit TV, radio and telephone signals; make satellite navigation systems used by cars and aero planes possible, and offer insights that can help us to take better care of Earth. They have helped in communication and also in weather forecasting and understanding the weather. It has helped in disaster preparedness’ as with authentic information the damage has been minimised in recent years. It is also helping in combating climate change and helping us for sustainable development.

Looking at space and careers around it does not only limit to be an astronaut but beyond astronaut as there are many other options related to career in space. A space  agency like ISRO or NASA employs several other scientists, technicians, and experts. We are aware that there are many uses of artificial satellites. It also helps in weather tracking and predicting natural disasters.

Students who wants to make their career related to space must study engineering or science after their secondary or senior secondary level of studies. There are many avenues like developing infrastructure needed for space exploration, studying objects, exploring solar systems, studying and monitoring satellites, becoming astronauts, space engineers, aerospace engineering, avionics & instrumentation engineering, spacecraft engineering, etc. There are also scopes for astrophysics, geologists, meteorologists, communication technicians.

Astronauts: In simple these are the people who travel to space. NASA trains astronauts every year and selection to get into NASA’s programme is very competitive. There are different space agencies around the world like ISRO in India. These agencies have tie up with NASA and collaborations are going on with NASA and space agencies of other countries. The first astronaut from India was from Indian Air Force.

Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft. Avionics engineering is similar with aerospace engineering, but deals with the electronics side of aerospace engineering.

Avionics: Avionics are the electronic sysics departments in the universities or colleges. It is desirable for a student to acquire proficiency in physics and mathematics at the graduate level and then to Astronomy & Astrophysics specialization. An engineer with a B.Tech or B.E. degree, with an aptitude for Astronomy and Astrophysics, can also enter the field as a research scholar. In India, aspirants may join organization like Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aeronautical Laboratories (NAL), Indian Institute of Space of Department of Space. ISRO’s own Lunar and interplanetary missions along with other scientific projects encourage and promote science education, apart from providing valuable data to the scientific community which in turn enriches science.

YUva Vigyani KAryakram (YUVIKA) 2020: Indian Space Research Organisation has launched a special programme for School Children called “Young Scientist Programme” “YUva Vigyani KAryakram” (??????) from the year 2019. The Program is primarily aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science and Space Applications to the younger ones with the intent of arousing their interest in the emerging areas of Space activities. Students who are studying in India including OCI (Overseas Citizen of India) are eligible for the programme. The selection is based on the 8th Standard academic performance and extracurricular activities. Defence Research and Development Organization: DRDO is the R&D wing of Ministry of Defence, Govt of India, with a vision to empower India with cutting-edge defence technologies and a mission to achieve self-reliance in critical defence technologies and systems, while equipping our armed forces with state-of-the-art weapon systems and equipment in accordance with requirements laid down by the three Services.

Organization: DRDO is the R&D wing of Ministry of Defence, Govt of India, with a vision to empower India with cutting-edge defence technologies and a mission to achieve self-reliance in critical defence technologies and systems, while equipping our armed forces with state-of-the-art weapon systems and equipment in accordance with requirements laid down by the 3 Services.

IIST: Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) is a Deemed to be University under Section 3 of the UGC Act 1956. IIST functions as an autonomous body under the Department of Space, Government of India. The idea of such an institute was mooted keeping in mind the need for high quality manpower for the ISRO ( Indian Space Research Organizon ), one of world’s leading scientific organizations engaged in space research and space applications. The institute is the first of its kind in the country, to offer high quality education at the undergraduate, graduate, doctoral and post-doctoral levels on areas with special focus to space sciences, space technology and space applications.

on 1 comment

Career in Meteorology: Working with weather in india

weather  is important for all of us. Most of us are dependent on weather Directly or indirectly. One of the career avenues related to weather is meteorology. It is a branch of the atmospheric science with a major focus on weather forecasting.

The study of meteorology dates back to many millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century. The 19th century saw modest progress in the field after weather observation networks were formed across broad regions. It is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting.

The beginnings of meteorology in India can be traced to ancient times. Early philosophical writings of the 3000 B.C. era, such as the Upanishadas, contain serious discussion about the processes of cloud formation and rain and the seasonal cycles caused by the movement of earth round the sun. Varahamihira’s classical work, the Brihatsamhita, written around 500 A.D., provides clear evidence that a deep knowledge of atmospheric processes existed even in those times.

It was understood that rains come from the Sun (Adityat Jayate Vrishti) and that good rainfall in the rainy season was the key to bountiful agriculture and food for the people. Kautilya’s Arthashastra contains records of scientific measurements of rainfall and its application to the country’s revenue and relief work. Kalidasa in his epic, ‘Meghdoot’, written around the seventh century, even mentions the date of onset of the monsoon over central India and traces the path of the monsoon clouds.

Meteorology, as we perceive it now, may be said to have had its firm scientific foundation in the 17th century after the invention of the thermometer and the barometer and the formulation of laws governing the behaviour of atmospheric gases. It was in 1636 that Halley, a British scientist, published his treatise on the Indian summer monsoon, which he attributed to a seasonal reversal of winds due to the differential heating of the Asian land mass and the Indian Ocean.

India is fortunate to have some of the oldest meteorological observatories of the world. The British East India Company established several such stations, for example, those at Calcutta in 1785 and Madras (now Chennai) in 1796 for studying the weather and climate of India. The Asiatic Society of Bengal founded in 1784 at Calcutta, and in 1804 at Bombay (now Mumbai), promoted scientific studies in meteorology in India.

Captain Harry Piddington at Calcutta pub- lished 40 papers during 1835-1855 in the Journal of the Asiatic Society dealing with tropical storms and coined the word “cyclone”, meaning the coil of a snake. In 1842 he published his monumental work on the “Laws of the Storms”. In the first half of the 19th century, several observatories began functioning in India under the provincial governments.

India Meteorological Department (IMD) was established in 1875. IMD provides National Meteorological Service to the coun- try and is the principal government agency in all matters relating to Meteorology, Seismology and allied subjects. For adminis- trative control and technical operations, six Regional Meteorological Centres (RMCs) function with their headquarters at Kolkata, Chennai, Guwahati, Mumbai, Nagpur and New Delhi.

It was started to take meteorological observations and to provide current and forecast meteorological information for optimum operation of weather-sensitive activities like agriculture, irrigation, shipping, aviation, offshore oil explorations, etc. IMD has progressively expanded its infrastructure for meteorological observations, communications, forecasting and weather services and it has achieved a parallel scientific growth.

As it is a branch of atmospheric sciences hence mainly focuses on predicting weather and climate. Expert in the field are called meteorologists or atmospheric scientists. Students who wanted to become meteorologists must be from engineering background or science background with Physics and Maths as their subjects.

A meteorologist uses various equipments for weather forecasts. They also get updates from satellites which help them in accurate forecasts as weather forecasts are useful for a variety of purposes. Some of the special areas are aerology, climatology, aeronomy, agricultural meteorology, applied meteorology, etc. Meteorology can be of great significance when it comes to coping up with climate change.

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, recruits aspirants for various designations through selection. There are Colleges & that offer courses related to meteorology. There are popular educational institutes like Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences; Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Science (CAOS); Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, etc.

Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences

ARIES: Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences is one of the leading research Institutes which specializes in observational Astronomy & Astrophysics and Atmospheric Sciences. The main research interests of Astronomy & Astrophysics division are in solar, planetary, stellar,galactic and extra-galactic astronomy including stellar variabilities, X-ray binaries, star clusters, nearby galaxies, quasars, and inherently transient events like supernovae and highly energetic gammaray bursts. Re- search focus in Atmospheric Sciences division is mainly in the lower part of the atmosphere and covers the studies on aerosols and trace gases. It is an autonomous institute under Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.

The Centre for Atmospheric Sciences

CAOS: The Centre for Atmospheric Sciences was established in 1982 under the chairmanship of Prof. Roddam Narasimha. This became the Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences in 1996. The Centre has received generous support from the Depart- ment of Ocean Development, the Department of Space, the Department of Science and Technology, the University Grants Commission and the Ministry of Human Resources Development.

Its research involves the understanding of tropical climate and its variability on intra-seasonal, seasonal and decadal timescales. In addition to this, faculty in the Centre have research interests that span the entire realm of atmosphere-ocean-climate science. Over the past decade, issues studies include climate modelling and extremes, the space-time structure of rainfall, geo-engineering, mixing and fine-scale upper ocean structure in the Bay of Bengal, river runoff and ocean circulation, tropical intraseasonal oscillations, monsoon cloud structure, aerosol physics and chemistry and geophysical turbulence.

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

IITM: Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology was founded as a distinct unit of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) under the name of Institute of Tropical Meteorology (ITM) on November 17, 1962 at Pune by the Government of India with support from World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). On 1st April 1971, the institute was given an autonomous status under the present name. Later in 1985,the institute was bought under the Department of Science and Technology of the Ministry of Science and Technology.

Now, since 12th July 2006, IITM has been functioning under the direct administrative control of the specially formed Ministry of Earth Science (MoES), Government of India. It is recognised as a national centre for basic and applied research in meteorology and atmospheric science. IITM is working dedicatedly on these subjects with emphasis on tropical meteorology and studies.

The World Meteorological Organization

WMO: The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 193 Member States and Territories. It originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), the roots of which were planted at the 1873 Vienna International Meteorological Congress. Established by the ratification of the WMO Convention on 23 March 1950, WMO became the specialised agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences a year later.

Aspirants may get jobs in research institutes or colleges and universities apart from other agencies like National Remote Sensing Agency, Indian Space Research Organisation , Council of Scientific and Industrial Research , Indian Council of Agriculture Research, etc. Students who wish to come to this filed must have patience as the field is not very popular yet. Most of our students wants to join a job which gives more money but this filed is more into research or teaching which need patience to be successful. Employability skills apart from qualification are essential to be successful as a meteorologist.

Lastest Jobs