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Careers in Space Sciences in India

While looking at the blue sky we think and hope we could explore them and reach there sometime and see what materials are there.The perspectives of children and elders would be certainly different here. Inquisitive minds will bring lots of questions where as many would skip thinking. When we hear the names of Rakesh Sharma, Kalpana Chawla And missile man Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, then we think about space and people going there or doing work related to space or satellites. We should member that on 4th October 1957, the first human-made earth satellite Sputnik I was launched into outer space, thus opening the way for space exploration. On 12 April, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first humanto orbit the earth, opening a new chapter of human endeavour in outer space.

The UN General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/65/271 of 7 April 2011, declared 12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight “to celebrate each year at the international level the beginning of the space era for mankind, reaffirming the important contribution of space science and technology in achieving sustainable development goals and increasing the well-being of States and peoples, as well as ensuring the realization of their aspiration to maintain outer space for peace- ful purposes.

The artificial satellites which are send out in space help us to transmit TV, radio and telephone signals; make satellite navigation systems used by cars and aero planes possible, and offer insights that can help us to take better care of Earth. They have helped in communication and also in weather forecasting and understanding the weather. It has helped in disaster preparedness’ as with authentic information the damage has been minimised in recent years. It is also helping in combating climate change and helping us for sustainable development.

Looking at space and careers around it does not only limit to be an astronaut but beyond astronaut as there are many other options related to career in space. A space  agency like ISRO or NASA employs several other scientists, technicians, and experts. We are aware that there are many uses of artificial satellites. It also helps in weather tracking and predicting natural disasters.

Students who wants to make their career related to space must study engineering or science after their secondary or senior secondary level of studies. There are many avenues like developing infrastructure needed for space exploration, studying objects, exploring solar systems, studying and monitoring satellites, becoming astronauts, space engineers, aerospace engineering, avionics & instrumentation engineering, spacecraft engineering, etc. There are also scopes for astrophysics, geologists, meteorologists, communication technicians.

Astronauts: In simple these are the people who travel to space. NASA trains astronauts every year and selection to get into NASA’s programme is very competitive. There are different space agencies around the world like ISRO in India. These agencies have tie up with NASA and collaborations are going on with NASA and space agencies of other countries. The first astronaut from India was from Indian Air Force.

Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft. Avionics engineering is similar with aerospace engineering, but deals with the electronics side of aerospace engineering.

Avionics: Avionics are the electronic sysics departments in the universities or colleges. It is desirable for a student to acquire proficiency in physics and mathematics at the graduate level and then to Astronomy & Astrophysics specialization. An engineer with a B.Tech or B.E. degree, with an aptitude for Astronomy and Astrophysics, can also enter the field as a research scholar. In India, aspirants may join organization like Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aeronautical Laboratories (NAL), Indian Institute of Space of Department of Space. ISRO’s own Lunar and interplanetary missions along with other scientific projects encourage and promote science education, apart from providing valuable data to the scientific community which in turn enriches science.

YUva Vigyani KAryakram (YUVIKA) 2020: Indian Space Research Organisation has launched a special programme for School Children called “Young Scientist Programme” “YUva Vigyani KAryakram” (??????) from the year 2019. The Program is primarily aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science and Space Applications to the younger ones with the intent of arousing their interest in the emerging areas of Space activities. Students who are studying in India including OCI (Overseas Citizen of India) are eligible for the programme. The selection is based on the 8th Standard academic performance and extracurricular activities. Defence Research and Development Organization: DRDO is the R&D wing of Ministry of Defence, Govt of India, with a vision to empower India with cutting-edge defence technologies and a mission to achieve self-reliance in critical defence technologies and systems, while equipping our armed forces with state-of-the-art weapon systems and equipment in accordance with requirements laid down by the three Services.

Organization: DRDO is the R&D wing of Ministry of Defence, Govt of India, with a vision to empower India with cutting-edge defence technologies and a mission to achieve self-reliance in critical defence technologies and systems, while equipping our armed forces with state-of-the-art weapon systems and equipment in accordance with requirements laid down by the 3 Services.

IIST: Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) is a Deemed to be University under Section 3 of the UGC Act 1956. IIST functions as an autonomous body under the Department of Space, Government of India. The idea of such an institute was mooted keeping in mind the need for high quality manpower for the ISRO ( Indian Space Research Organizon ), one of world’s leading scientific organizations engaged in space research and space applications. The institute is the first of its kind in the country, to offer high quality education at the undergraduate, graduate, doctoral and post-doctoral levels on areas with special focus to space sciences, space technology and space applications.

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